Publications of Enyedi, Z.

Részvétel, képviselet, politikai változás. Enyedi Z, Tardos R, Szabó A, editors. Budapest: Demokrácia Kutatások Magyarországi Központja Közhasznú Alapítvány; 2011.
Új képlet. Választások Magyarországon, 2010. Enyedi Z, Tardos R, Szabó A, editors. Budapest: Demokrácia Kutatások Magyarországi Központja Közhasznú Alapítvány; 2011.
Sitter N. A magyar pártszerkezet 2010-ban: polarizáltabb, kevésbé plurális. In: Enyedi Z, Szabó A, Tardos R, editors. Ùj képlet: A 2010-es választások Magyarországon. Demokracia Kutatasok MAgyar Kozpontja Alapitvany; 2011. p. 43-57.
Enyedi Z, Casal Bertoa F. Patterns of party competition (1990–2009). In: Lewis PG, Markowski R, editors. Europeanising party politics? Comparative perspectives on Central and Eastern Europe after Enlargement. Manchester: Manchester University Press; 2011. p. 116-42.
Markowski R, Enyedi Z. The quality of social, partisan and governmental representation. In: Lewis PG, Markowski R, editors. Europeanising party politics? Comparative perspectives on Central and Eastern Europe after Enlargement. Manchester: Manchester University Press; 2011. p. 179-217.

Persistent Political Divides, Electoral Volatility and Citizen Involvement: The Freezing Hypotheses in the 2004 European Election

Planned publication date October 2010

Agency and the Structure of Party Competition: Alignment, Stability and the Role of Political Elites

Party competition is constrained by socio-demographic factors, identities and value orientations. The study of the adaptation to these constraints is hindered for three main reasons, each of them primarily conceptual in nature. First, the examination of the various constraints is rarely integrated into a comprehensive approach, and therefore we lack even a vocabulary that could allow us to reconstruct the strategies with which parties respond. Second, scholarship gives too little attention to the relationship between temporal stability on the one hand and the positional alignments that link political behavior with socio-demographic characteristics, values and group identity on the other. Third, the study of the agency of political elites is either neglected, or it is done in an ad hoc way. This article identifies various methods by which elites reshape structures, and it links those to a broader framework that allows more comprehensive research connecting political agents and structural constraints in the electoral realm.

Pártverseny-mintázatok és blokk-politika Kelet-közép Európában (1990-2009) [Party System Configurations and Bloc Politics in Eastern-Central Europe]

The article analyzes the last two decades of East-Central European countries along the principal dimensions of party systems. It also investigates the relation ships among the various attributes of party competition. The authors regard polarization, fragmentation, closure (introduced by Peter Mair) and volatility as principal dimensions of party systems, but they argue that the qualitative characteristics of party relationships are as relevant as these much re search ed standard dimensions. They draw attention and systematically scru tinize questions such as how durable the alliances among parties are, how consequential ideological similarities are in government building, and how many and what kind of ideological camps exist in a given party system. The examination of the data proves that for most of the analyzed period party relations were more crys tallized in Hungary and the Czech Republic than in Slovenia, Estonia, Bulgaria and Latvia, while the other countries of the region were situated between these two groups. With the exception of volatility the analyzed indicators moved rather closely together, indicating that it is legitimate to talk about a syndrome of institutionalization. Since the party elites have relatively little control over volatility, the latter variable is not an integral part of the syndrome.

Enyedi Z. A manipuláció határai és az értelmes vita feltételei. In: A népakarat dilemmái. Budapest: Századvég; 2009. p. 269-92.
Enyedi Z. Adversarial politics, civic virtues and party identification in Eastern and Western Europe. In: Bartle J, Bellucci P, editors. Political parties and partisanship : social identity and individual attitudes. London: Routledge; 2009. p. 246-84.
Enyedi Z. Referendumdemokrácia. In: A népakarat dilemmái. Budapest: Századvég; 2009. p. 17-36.
Todosijevic B, Enyedi Z. Postmaterialism and authoritarianism in Hungary. In: Farmen RF, editor. Political culture, socialization, democracy, and education : interdisciplinary and cross-national perspectives for a new century. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang; 2008. p. 77-97.
Enyedi Z. The Social and Attitudinal Basis of Political Parties : Cleavage Politics Revisited. European review : interdisciplinary journal of the Academia Europaea. 2008;16(3):287-304.
Enyedi Z. Parties in Eastern Europe : A Post-Transition Assessment. In: Lequesne C, MacDonagh-Pajerova M, editors. La citoyenneté démocratique dans l'Europe des vingt-sept. Paris: Éditions L'Harmattan; 2007. p. 155-71.
Enyedi Z. Party funding in Hungary. In: Smilov D, Toplak J, editors. Political finance and corruption in Eastern Europe : the transition period. Aldershot: Ashgate; 2007. p. 91-104.
Enyedi Z. Playing with Europe : the impact of European integration on the Hungarian party system. In: Lewis PG, Mansfeldová Z, editors. The European Union and party politics in Central and Eastern Europe. New York: Palgrave Macmillan; 2007. p. 64-85.
Enyedi Z. Stability in the shadow of chaos. In: Hlousek V, Chytilek R, editors. Parliamentary elections and party landscape in the Visegrád Group countries. Brno: CDK; 2007. p. 116-34.
Enyedi Z, Tóka G. The only game in town : party politics in Hungary. In: Webb P, White S, editors. Party politics in new democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2007. p. 147-77.

Viszontválasz Kovács Andrásnak

Kvács András : Még egyszer a magyar antiszemitákról: megjegyzések Enyedi Zsolt irása (Book review : Mérhető és mérhetetlen előítélet) kapcsán & Enyedi Zsolt válasza

Book review : Mérhető és mérhetetlen előítélet

This article reviews the book A kéznél lévô idegenAntiszemita elôítéletek a mai Magyarországon / Kovács András ; Budapest : PolgArt, 2005.

Enyedi Z. A befagyott felszin és ami alatta van : a 2006-os választás és a magyar pártrendszer. In: Karácsony G, editor. Parlamenti választás 2006 : elemzések és adatok. Budapest: Demokrácia Kutatások Magyar Központja Alapítvány; 2006. p. 205-28.
Enyedi Z. Az európai integráció hatása a kelet-európai és a magyar pártstruktúrákra. In: Hegedűs I, editor. A magyarok bemenetele : tagállamként a bővülő Európai Unióban : BA tankönyv. Budapest: Demokrácia Kutatások Magyar Központja Alapítvány; 2006. p. 155-80.
Enyedi Z. Media, Parties and Political Transition : Contrasting Approaches of Sister-Disciplines. In: Stradling R, editor. Crossroads of European histories : multiple outlooks on five key moments in the history of Europe. Strasbourg: Council of Europe; 2006. p. 383-5.
Enyedi Z. Party politics in post-communist transition. In: Katz RS, editor. Handbook of party politics. London: Sage; 2006. p. 228-38.
Enyedi Z. The impact of the European Union on party politics in Central and Eastern Europe. In: Lewis PG, Mansfeldová Z, editors. The European Union and party politics in Central and Eastern Europe. New York: Palgrave Macmillan; 2006. p. 231-49.
Enyedi Z. The Survival of the Fittest : Party System Concentration in Hungary. In: Jungerstam-Mulders S, editor. Post-communist EU member states : parties and party systems. Burlington, VT: Ashgate; 2006. p. 177-201.
Enyedi Z. Hungary. In: Lobbying, government relations and campaign finance worldwide : navigating the laws, regulations and practices of national regimes. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications; 2005. p. 141-51.
Enyedi Z. Párhuzamos és széttartó tendenciák : ezredfordulós pártpolitika a posztkommunista világban és Nyugat-Európában. In: Gazdag F, editor. A kibővült Európai Unió: hatalom, választások, külpolitika. Székesfehérvár: KJF; 2005. p. 22-32.

The role of agency in cleavage formation

Through the analysis of Hungarian politics, this article demonstrates how parties become embedded in the social, cognitive and emotive structures of societies. The role of agency in cleavage formation is addressed, with a special emphasis on the mechanism through which political parties structure their environments. Next to the popularization of conflict perceptions and the consolidation of camp identities, the development of a more elaborate and segmented organizational structure is identified as an integral part of the process of cleavage formation. Such a structure enables parties to forge coalitions among previously separate social groupings and combine group interests into packages large enough to overcome institutional thresholds of power. The findings indicate that parties are potentially able to cross cleavage lines, re-structure relations within the party system and create new associations between party preferences, socio-structural categories and attitudes. Furthermore, parties seem to be able to alter the relationships between psychologically rooted attitudes and social categories. The study also shows, however, that deep-seated socio-cultural divides limit the power of agency even in new democracies.

Érték, értelem, érzelem : politikai pszichológia Bibó nyomán

Bibó díj 2004

Enyedi Z. Conclusion: emerging issues in the study of church-state relations. In: Enyedi Z, Madeley JTS, editors. Church and state in contemporary Europe : the chimera of neutrality. London: Frank Cass; 2003. p. 218-32.
Enyedi Z. The contested politics of positive neutrality in Hungary. In: Enyedi Z, Madeley JTS, editors. Church and state in contemporary Europe : the chimera of neutrality. London: Frank Cass; 2003. p. 157-76.

Book review : The Seeds of Triumph

This article reviews the book The Seeds of Triumph. Church and State in Gomulka’s Poland / by Hanna Diskin ; Budapest : CEU Press, 2001

Conclusion: emerging issues in the study of church-state relations

Special issue entitled : Church and state in contemporary Europe : the chimera of neutrality

Structure versus culture again: Corporatism and the ‘new politics’ in 16 Western European countries

Abstract. Various authors have hypothesized that corporatist institutional arrangements favor the development of ‘new politics’: new social movements, concern for issues such as peace and ecology, postmaterialist orientation and voting for left-libertarian parties. This article analyzes the relationships between corporatism and ‘new politics’ using Siaroff's (1999) corporatism scores for 16 West European countries and data from Inglehart et al.'s (1998) World Value Survey. The results of the analysis show that corporatism is related to higher membership in peace movements and also to belief in the urgency of ecological problems. However, it is unrelated to postmaterialist values, votes for ‘new parties’, approval of the environmentalist and feminist movements, and willingness to contribute financially to environmental protection. The relationships between corporatism and ‘new politics’ is shown to be somewhat mediated by economic factors, while the hypothesis that postmaterialism is a principal factor behind the popularity of the new social movements is not substantiated.

The contested politics of positive neutrality in Hungary

Special issue entitled : Church and state in contemporary Europe : the chimera of neutrality

Enyedi Z. A bíbor koalíció a posztmodern királyságban : Hollandia. In: Johancsik J, editor. Pártok változó szerepben : nyugat-európai tapasztalatok. Budapest: Villányi uti Konferenciaközpont; 2002. p. 145-75.

Authoritarianism vs. cultural pressure

This article addresses the issue of personality vs. cultural norms with regard to two related problems: the relationship between authoritarianism and prejudice, and the empirical foundation of the concept of ethnocentrism. The analysis is based on a survey of anti-Gypsy attitudes in two Hungarian cities, Salgótarján and Sopron. A random sample of 400 adolescents was surveyed, including one parent of each adolescent (total N = 800). The two locations differ in aggregate level of anti-Gypsy prejudice, that is, the anti-Gypsy cultural norm, which allows the use of a quasi-experimental design. The results support the empirical foundation of the concept of ethnocentrism, although it was possible to detect the effect of cultural pressure on the connection between anti-Gypsy prejudice and general ethnocentrism. Concerning the effect of cultural pressure on the relationship between authoritarianism and anti-Gypsy prejudice, the results support the cultural pressure model in the youth samples, but contradict this model in the parent samples. Multivariate causal modeling of the youth anti-Gypsy prejudice shows that in both cities authoritarianism and parents' prejudice are significant direct predictors. However, the role of authoritarianism is considerably weaker under condition of higher normative pressure.

Enyedi Z. A tekintélyelvűség politikai összefüggései. In: Simon J, editor. Ezredvégi értelmezések demokráciáról, politikai kultúráról, bal- és jobboldalról. Vol 2. Budapest: Villányi uti Konferenciaközpont; 2001. p. 495-9.
Enyedi Z, Erős F, Fábián Z. Authoritarianism and prejudice in present-day Hungary. In: Phalet K, Örkény A, editors. Ethnic minorities and inter-ethnic relations in context : a Dutch Hungarian comparison. Aldershot: Ashgate; 2001. p. 201-15.
Enyedi Z, Erős F, Fábián Z. Tekintélyelvűség és előítélet:: újabb magyarországi vizsgálatok. In: Hunyady G, Nguyen Luu LA, editors. Sztereotípiakutatás. Budapest: ELTE Eötvös Kiadó; 2001. p. 391-402.
Enyedi Z, Todosijevic B. Hungarian conservatism 2000. Vol 21. Budapest: MTA Politikai Tudományok Intézete; 2001.
Enyedi Z, Todosijevic B. Political tolerance " Codebook ". Vol 14. Budapest: CEU Politial Science Department; 2001.
Enyedi Z, Todosijevic B. Political tolerance in Hungary. Vol 13. Budapest: CEU Politial Science Department; 2001.
Enyedi Z, Erős F, Fábián Z. Előitélet és tekintélyelvűség a fiatalok körében. In: Gábor K, editor. Társadalmi változás és az ifjúság. Szeged: Belvedere; 2000. p. 161-71.
Enyedi Z, Erős F, Fábián Z. Előitélet és tekintélyelvűség a fiatalok körében. In: Bauer B, editor. Süsü a társadalomban : társadalomismereti olvasókönyv. Budapest: Uj Mandátum; 2000. p. 197-202.
Enyedi Z. Religious and clerical polarization in Hungary. In: Broughton D, editor. Religion and mass electoral behaviour in Europe. London: Routledge; 2000. p. 157-75.
Kovács A. Antisemitic prejudices in present-day Hungary. In: Enyedi Z, Erős F, editors. Authoritarianism and prejudice : Central European perspectives. Budapest: Osiris Kiadó; 1999. p. 155-91.
Enyedi Z. Pártok és pártrendszerek. In: Gergely A, Bayer J, Kulcsár K, editors. A politikatudomány arcai : tanulmányok. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó; 1999. p. 181-223.
Erős F, Enyedi Z. Researching authoritarianism in old and new democracies. In: Enyedi Z, Erős F, editors. Authoritarianism and prejudice : Central European perspectives. Budapest: Osiris; 1999. p. 9-25.
Enyedi Z. Sources of antisemitism : survey evidence from Hungary. In: Authoritarianism and prejudice : Central European perspectives. Budapest: Osiris; 1999. p. 125-54.
Bozóki A. The Ideology of Modernization : The Day After for the Socialists. In: Tóka G, Enyedi Z, editors. Elections to the Hungarian National Assembly 1994. Berlin: Sigma; 1999. p. 198-223. (Founding elections in Eastern Europe).
Enyedi Z. Christian democracy (in Romanian). In: Mungiu-Pippidi A, editor. Doctrine politice. Iasi: Polirom; 1998. p. 145-65.
Enyedi Z. Tekintélyelvűség és politikai tagolódás. In: Megismerés, előítélet, identitás : szociálpszichológiai szöveggyűjtemény. Budapest: Uj Mandátum; 1998.

Book review : A magyar politikai rendszer – közelről

This article revviews the book A magyar politikai rendszer / Körösényi András, Budapest : Osiris, 1998

Book review : Bevezetés a politikatudományba

This article reviews the book Bevezetés a politikatudományba / Haskó Katalin és Hülvely István Budapest, Villány uti Konferenciaközpont. 1996

Enyedi Z. Pártok a politikatudományban. Vol 6. Budapest: MTA Politikai Tudományok Intézete; 1997.
Balázs M, Enyedi Z. Hungarian Case Studies : The Alliance of Free Democrats and the Alliance of Young Democrats. In: Lewis PG, editor. Party structure and organization in East-Central Europe. Cheltenham: E. Elgar; 1996. p. 43-65.